Female genital mutilation ('cutting') is an inherently difficult subject the clash of social mores, clamours of righteousness from all quarters, the vast contradictions evident in legal and child protection practice and the sheer sensitivities of the topic, contrasting personal vulnerability and grotesque practice, all make intervention perilous. Female genital mutilation has caused a great deal of controversy cultural exchanges and immigration have brought much attention to fgm this attention has quickly spread from the immigration and naturalization services, who deal with the refugees who flee their country in hopes of escaping fgm, to ethicists, social and cultural theorists, and lawmakers. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is an ancient practice, mentioned by herodotus and predating islam and christianity (elchalal et al) it carries with it immense social meaning and serves as proof of maturity, virginity, and membership in the community.
1 is genetic engineering fundamentally new pro-gm: genetic modification is nothing new people have manipulated foods and food crops for millennia, through methods ranging. Female genital mutilation: an argument against the controversial topic “[the] woman’s only tool for the fgm procedure was a well used half of a razor blade, and the only painkillers she provided were sugar and powdered myrrh (an herb. At least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone female genital mutilation (fgm) fgm is the term used to describe the cutting of female genitalia it is commonly practiced by traditional birth attendants, circumcisers or medically trained personnel law’s argument fgm can amount to torture under international law there. Female circumcision, the partial or total cutting away of the external female genitalia, has been practiced for centuries in parts of africa, generally as one element of a rite of passage preparing young girls for womanhood and marriage.
The world health organization defines female genital mutilation as a practice that involves the alteration of female genitalia in a manner that does not relay any medical benefits to the victim according to oleinick (1998), around 87% of egyptian islamic women support the practice the extent of this support is attributable to various factors. Female genital mutilation: cultural relativism vs human rights cultural relativism vs human rights there is serious disagreement about whether the practice of fgm is an issue of cultural relativism or an issue of human rights. Female genital mutilation female genital mutilation (fgm) is a procedure performed on young girls that are as early as a few days old female genital mutilation is one of the worst forms of abuse to young girls and women and should be stopped by creating awareness on this cause. The debate was to offer a balanced argument related to the topic and involve men in the discussion she said fgm is important because the health integrity of women is being compromised by the millions those who say it is for religious reasons, as echoed by the. The most important argument given in favour of fgm is the social acceptance conferred by initiation into secret societies female genital mutilation in sierra leone country department africa - western africa ii, angola and pan-african organisations and programmes.
Female genital mutilation and cutting is a violation of the basic rights of women and girls, said carol bellamy, executive director of the un's children's agency (unicef), on february 7 2005. After the united nations in december passed a resolution banning female genital mutilation (fgm), indonesia, home to the world's biggest muslim population, is trying to defend the long tradition. Defence lawyers will argue female genital mutilation is a religious right in the first ever federal case on the practice in the us two detroit doctors and one of their wives have been charged. A consequentialist argument against circumcision is not possible, because there is no careful study of the adult penis, based on a random sample stratified on age, rage, and education.
If we now examine the media, the argument made is one of facilitating public dialogue and discourse about fgm along with the promotion of women to be free from fgm by various media outlets (rahman and toubir, 2000, p69. Issue female genital mutilation (fgm) is defined as procedures involving partial or total removal of female genitalia or other injury to female genital organs. Argument of fgm essays and research papers argument of fgm jacob rand fgm paper 1 october 2, 2012 dr collins arizona state university female genital mutilation ( fgm ) is to this day a current issue in many societies and cultures. - female genital mutilation in africa ital mutilation in sudan in the country of sudan, in northern africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or fgm, which used to be known as female circumcision. Why some women choose to get circumcised female genital mutilation the sort of feminist argument about this is that it’s about the control of women but also of their sexuality and.
Fgm/c case law and other legal documents please note this is a work in progress australia in rrt case no 0808751  the australian refugee review tribunal reviewed the decision to refuse to grant the applicant, a citizen of uganda, a protection visa on grounds of fear of of fgm/c upon return to uganda the tribunal found that the. The policy on female genital mutilation (fgm), adopted by the human rights commission of ontario, canada, in 1996 (and further revised it in 2000) acknowledges the practice as an internationally recognized violation against women and girls’ human rights and looks at the domestic implications of. Fgm is non-existent in countries such as saudi arabia, iran and iraq, where religion is highly regarded (oleinick, 1998) according to the toubia, izzett & who (1998), the.
Female genital mutilation (fgm) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Religious views on female genital mutilation there is a widespread view among practitioners of female genital mutilation (fgm) that it is a religious requirement,     although prevalence rates often vary according to geography and ethnic group , sometimes differing along national lines within the same ethnicity [8. In defence of fgm, it is widely contended firstly, that fgm is the most appropriate method to introduce young girls to womanhood and secondly, that it is the only way (or at the very least, the.
Opponents of female genital mutilation (fgm) fear that the campaign against male genital mutilation (mgm) will distract attention from their campaign, and that drawing parallels will weaken and trivialise the case against fgm. Throughout the long history of debate and argument on fgm/c, the senior scholars have relied on medical science to guide their opinion therefore, when the dominant medical science of former times backed its usefulness, muslim jurists declared that it was a makramah (virtuous. Proponents of fgm claim the who has not studied local practices, arguing that the local form of the practice somehow does not cause harm and, on the contrary, is beneficial - an argument for which.